3 Great Covenants of the Bible

Welcome back, study friends!  We’re continuing our study, Why Israel Matters: Rightly Relating to Our Jewish Roots, and I’m so glad you have taken a seat with us around the study table!  If you are new here, we have spent weeks studying God’s Word, gleaning the Biblical importance of our heritage as Christians, rooted in Judaism.  All lessons are tagged with “WIM Study,” so you can find other lessons by clicking on that tag at the end of this post.

We’re diving into a new section where we will examine 3 great Bible covenants.  There are actually several more covenants in Scripture, but we’re focusing on three that will lead us, ultimately, to the fulfillment of a fourth great covenant.  (Stick with us through next week for that fourth covenant!)  The three we will look at this week are:

  • Abrahamic Covenant (of which we have already spent time becoming familiar)
  • Mosaic Covenant
  • New Covenant

Each covenant we study is backed by the character of God, thus, is indisputable.  God cannot lie, so because He made covenants, we can be certain He will uphold His end of the bargain!

Each covenant also plays a vital role in our lives.  We will discover that all are interrelated, and in and of itself, no single covenant expresses the fullness of God’s work.  When taken together, though, they are powerful!  We will find out why.

The three great covenants we talk about this week set the stage for a fourth great covenant.  That covenant has yet to be fulfilled, and serves as a tremendous motivation for us, as Christians, to reach the finish line in grand fashion!  So, let’s take a look at each of the three that point us to a fourth.

You are familiar with the first great covenant: the Abrahamic Covenant.  This is the greatest and most important covenant God made.  Why?  Because it is the covenant of DECISION.

In Genesis 12, God approached Abram (Abraham), telling him to leave his homeland to go to a place that He would show him.  We know that Abram, likely a pagan, obeyed.  (Read the account of his faith journey in Hebrews 11:8-19.)   Genesis 12:1-3 describe the promises God made to Abram at that point.  God offered five “I will” statements in that passage.  Can you find them?

The covenant promises were made in Genesis 12, but the actual covenant was made in Genesis 15, and reconfirmed in Genesis 17.  (For more detail about the Abrahamic Covenant, click here.)

You see, friends, in Genesis 12:3, perhaps God’s foremost promise to Abram was that He would make him (and his descendants) a great nation, through which God would bless ALL the families of the earth!  Thus, in this covenant, God decided:

  • Israel would be the vehicle of world redemption.
  • All the families of the earth would be benefactors.

Therefore, the Abrahamic Covenant is the covenant of DECISION!  God’s decision to save mankind from their sin!  What a glorious covenant!  You and I are benefactors of God’s decision to save the world through a chosen people.  Indeed, our Jewish roots run deep!

Let’s stop and chew on this a bit before we return tomorrow to understand more about the Abrahamic Covenant.  Meanwhile, rejoice in God’s decision!

Happy Lord’s Day!

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